"They say that freedom is a constant struggle," sang the Mississippi "freedom fighters" during the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s. Today, there are less visible struggles for freedom that are no less constant. One concerns the right to be left alone¬the liberty of individual autonomy against the restraint of governmental authority. Is it constitutional for government to protect citizens from themselves and deprive them of liberty in the process?
Freedom of and from religion were dear to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. The First Amendment was written to separate church and state and serves to protect against those who would deprive us of liberty in the name of religion. According to some influential writers over the past thirty-five years, psychiatry now replaces religion and is used by government to justify paternalism, i.e. deprive citizens of liberty. For example, behaviors formerly considered "good" and "bad" are now labeled as medical "signs" of "mental health" and "mental illness." Psychiatrists are empowered by the state to "restore" liberty and autonomy in those persons considered "mentally ill"¬even if those labeled "sick" don't want to be "cured." To what extent (if at all) has institutional psychiatry, i.e. psychiatry sanctioned by the state, replaced the religious tyranny Jefferson and Madison worked so hard to protect us against?
The war on people called the "war on drugs" is another example of government authority used to deprive citizens of the liberty to own, distribute and consume mind-altering drugs. Most citizens support the "war on drugs." Yet, if the Constitution guarantees our right to life, liberty and property, doesn't it also guarantee our right to self-destruction and death? How might governmental authority evolve to ultimately deprive citizens of individualism and liberty in those situations? Might such policies ultimately lead to a totalitarian society? When, if ever, is such deprivation of liberty constitutionally justified?
In this course we examine the answers to those and related questions. We will discuss the ways government deprives individuals of liberty in a "free" society by focusing on the relationship between liberty and responsibility, psychiatry and government, the ethics of drug prohibition, medical and occupational licensure as social control, and most importantly, the origins of totalitarianism according to F.A. Hayek's critique of socialism. Lecture and discussion format.
DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY is one of the courses in Curricular Area 4, the Social Institutions and Behavior, in the university's General Education Program. This course is taken as part of a two-course sequence. The foundation courses preceding it include Individuals and Organizations (54.105), Psychology: Understanding Human Behavior (57.105), and Justice in America (73.100). DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY explores in more depth a topic introduced in those three foundation courses.
Course Requirements and Grades Test 1 20% Mid-term examination 30% Debate 15% Final examination 30% Class participation 5% Total = 100% Class Schedule Date Topic Reading September 2 Introduction: What this course is all about Defining illness I: 1-26 Being a patient I: 27-44 Defining mental illness I: 45-98 September 9 Being a mental patient I: 99-132 Mental illness as metaphor I: 133-215 Mental illness and intentionality I: 216-236 September 16 First examination - 2:10pm to 3:30pm, lecture begins at 3:45pm Mental illness and responsibility I: 237-278 Mental illness as strategy I: 279-296 September 23 Mental illness as justification I: 297-318 Mental illness as legal fiction I: 319-341 Mental illness as explanation I: 342-366 September 30 Storing the Unwanted: The Indigent CC: ix-26 The Debtor & The Epileptic CC: 27-62 The Child & the Homeless CC: 63-100 The Political Economy of Psychiatry: Origin CC: 101-122 Economics and Psychiatry CC: 123-139 October 7 Adult Dependency: Idleness as Illness CC: 140-168 The New Psychiatric Deal Re-Storing the Mental Patient CC: 169-200 The Futility of Psychiatric Reform October 14 Mid-term examination- 2:10pm to 3:30pm, lecture begins at 3:45pm The role of Government in a Free Society, OLD 7-24 Medical Licensure October 21 Can the Consumer Be Trusted? OLD 25-43 Authority, Autonomy and the Scapegoat OLD 81-98 Cures, Drug Prohibition and Bad Habits OLD 99-132 A Dialogue on Drugs, Heroin, Property OLD 133-158 October 28 Introduction, Individualism and Collectivism RTS ix-48 November 4 Central Planning, Rule of Law RTS 49-111 Security and Freedom, Why the worst Get on Top RTS 112-147 November 11 The End of Truth RTS 148-182 Socialist Roots of Nazism RTS 183-220 Prospect of International Order RTS 231-262 November 18 Debates November 25 No class, Thanksgiving holiday December 2 Debates December 9 Contemporary issues December 16 Final examination, 2:10pm to 4:40pm CumulativeDebate:
* Clear and accurate writing will be taken into account in assigning grades, as well as participation in class discussions. Material discussed in class, or in films, and not in any of the readings, may form the basis for questions on the examinations. One grade reduction for over three class absences. Students are responsible for anything covered in class during their absence. Readings must be completed by the session to which they are assigned. Additional readings may be assigned during the course. Students are encouraged to form study groups on their own. Grades: A-=90, B+=89, B-=80, C+=79, C-=70
Academic Integrity Code
"Standards of academic conduct are set forth in the University's Academic Integrity Code. It is expected that all examinations, tests, written papers, and other assignments will be completed according to the standards set forth in this code. By registering, you have acknowledged your awareness of the Academic Integrity Code, and you are obliged to become familiar with your rights and responsibilities as defined by the Code. Violations of the Academic Integrity Code will not be treated lightly, and disciplinary action will be taken should such violations occur. Please see me if you have any questions about the academic violations described in the Code in general or as they relate to particular requirements for this course."
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